Maccabean spirit in the Gullah warrior

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Temne peoples who have an oral tradition that tells of their migration out of Israel were eventually sold into slavery.

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“The blacks and Indians fought side-by-side in a desperate struggle to stop the American advance, but they were defeated and driven south into the more remote wilderness of central and southern Florida. General Jackson (later President) referred to this First Seminole War as an “Indian and Negro War.” In 1835, the Second Seminole War broke out, and this full-scale guerrilla war would last for six years and claim the lives of 1,500 American soldiers. The Black Seminoles waged the fiercest resistance, as they feared that capture or surrender meant death or return to slavery—and they were more adept at living and fighting in the jungles than their Indian comrades. The American commander, General Jesup, informed the War Department that, “This, you may be assured, is a negro and not an Indian war”; and a U.S. Congressman of the period commented that these black fighters were “contending against the whole military power of the United States.” – Joseph A. Opala Yale University

http://glc.yale.edu/gullah-rice-slavery-and-sierra-leone-american-connection

Jews of the Bilad al-Sudan (Judeo-Arabic: אַהַל יַהוּדּ בִּלַדּ אַל סוּדָּן‎) describes West African Jewish communities who were connected to known Jewish communities from the Middle East, North Africa, or Spain and Portugal. Various historical records attest to their presence at one time in the Ghana, Mali, and Songhai empires, then called the Bilad as-Sudan from the Arabic meaning Land of the Blacks. Jews from Spain, Portugal, and Morocco in later years also formed communities off the coast of Senegal and on the Islands of Cape Verde. These communities continued to exist for hundreds of years but have since disappeared due to changing social conditions, persecution, migration, assimilation and Slavery to the New World.

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The Hebrews from West Africa lost much of their traditions through the atrocities of slavery, but some survived in part in what is known as Gullah – Geeche traditions : Gullah Customs and Traditions Gullah culture seems to emphasize elements shared by Africans from different areas. The Gullahs’ ancestors were, after all, coming from many different tribes, or ethnic groups, in Africa. Those from the Rice Coast, the largest group, included the Wolof, Mandinka, Fula, Baga, Susu, Limba, Temne, Mende, Vai, Kissi, Kpelle, etc.—but there were also slaves brought from the Gold Coast, Calabar, Congo, and Angola. The Gullah slaves adopted beliefs and practices that were familiar to Africans from these widely separated regions. In most cases, therefore, we cannot say that a particular Gullah custom is from a particular African tribe; but we can often point more generally to West Africa, the Western Sudan, the Rice Coast, etc. And Gullah traditions are not, of course, all purely African. The Gullah slaves borrowed practices from their white masters, but they always gave these an African spirit. The Gullah became Christians, for instance, but their style of worship reflected their African heritage. In slavery days they developed a ceremony called “ring shout” in which participants danced in a ritual fashion in a circle amidst the rhythmical pounding of sticks and then, at the culminating moment, experienced possession by the Holy Spirit while shouting expressions of praise and thanksgiving. The ring shout raises the subject of cultural change among the Gullah, as this custom, like some other Gullah practices, seems to have completely died out. Most of what we know about Gullah customs and traditions comes from studies done in the 1930s and 1940s before the isolation of the Gullah community began to break down. Some of the customs reported then have, no doubt, disappeared like the ring shout; but others, quite clearly, have not. Visitors to the South Carolina Sea Islands still find the Gullahs’ doors and windows painted blue to ward off witches and evil South Carolina Gullahs, about 1900. Men using a mortar and pestle. spirits. And tourists traveling by car through coastal South Carolina and Georgia on their way south to Florida still encounter Gullah women selling their traditional baskets on the roadsides. These handsome baskets greatly resemble the Sierra Leonean shukublay. A few examples of Gullah customs and traditions are sufficient to convey their distinctive African spirit. Gullah burial customs begin with a drum beat to inform people that someone in town has died. Mirrors are turned to the wall so the corpse cannot be reflected. The funeral party takes the body to the cemetery, but waits at the gate to ask permission of the ancestors to enter. Participants dance around the grave, singing and praying, then smash bottles and dishes over the site to “break the chain” so that no one else in the same family will soon die. Then, the funeral group returns to town and cooks a large meal, leaving a portion on the veranda for the departed soul. In slavery days some Gullahs called this cooking ceremony saraka, a term derived from Arabic and familiar to most West Africans. The Gullah believe in witchcraft, which they callwudu, wanga, joso, or juju. They say that witches can cast a spell by putting powerful herbs or, roots under a person’s pillow or at a place where he usually walks. There are special individuals called “Root Doctor” or “Doctor Buzzard” who can provide protection against witchcraft or withdraw the effects of a curse. – Joseph A. Opala

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please click above picture to watch a presentation of the Gullah people as taught by Ron Shields.

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The Young Freedom Fighter

Harriet Tubman

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Her courage is legendary

Her legacy is celebrated as it should be.

Giving us freedom was her Calling.

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Every great dream begins with a dreamer. Always remember, you have within you the strength, the patience, and the passion to reach for the stars to change the world.
 
I freed a thousand slaves I could have freed a thousand more if only they knew they were slaves.
 
I grew up like a neglected weed – ignorant of liberty, having no experience of it.
 
I would fight for my liberty so long as my strength lasted, and if the time came for me to go, the Lord would let them take me.
 
’Twant me, ’twas the Lord. I always told him, “I trust to you. I don’t know where to go or what to do, but I expect you to lead me,” and he always did.
 
I had crossed the line. I was free; but there was no one to welcome me to the land of freedom. I was a stranger in a strange land.
 
I had reasoned this out in my mind, there was one of two things I had a right to, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other.
 
Quakers almost as good as colored. They call themselves friends and you can trust them every time.

The “overlooked” reason slavery ended

We all know about the Civil War and the “Emancipation Proclamation” amendment to the constitution by Abraham Lincoln right?

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Many of us are in the dark about the “Gullah Wars” which forced the country to deal with slavery on a political level. Black people are deprived of their history and the strength that their legacy inspires. American history has been told with a skewed narrative as to suppress the exploits of Black people and denote their victories therefore suffocating the greatness in future generations. Continue reading

What happened to the Freedmen’s Bank?

The Freedmen’s Savings and Trust Company, commonly referred to as The Freedmen’s Bank, was incorporated on March 3, 1865.  It was created by the United States Congress along with the Freedmen’s Bureau to aid the freedmen in their transition from slavery to freedom.  – Blackpast.org

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This was a period in time when the ex – slaves were to become a actual nationality with a system to establish themselves economically as a people, but this effort was thwarted and thus we were never nationalized.

Abraham lincoln was assassinated on April 5,1865 after signing the Freedmen’s Saving and Trust Bill into law JUST A MONTH EARLIER on March 3, 1865! The following President VETOED THIS BILL TWICE! The congress pushed the bill through and the Freedmen’s Bank was established not without much opposition as you can see from this propaganda.

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Black Wall Street

Black Wall Street

Tulsa, Oklahoma

1921

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When Blacks were denied access to white facilities the Black people of Tulsa started their own community. Marcus Garvey even planned to have ships transport goods from France, Africa, Canada, and other places to do business with this thriving city before the city was terrorized by surrounding Mayors and white mobs. 

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This is a part of our history that must be taught to over and over again. Continue reading

Apostle Paul ~ Black History

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15and regard the patience of our Lord as salvation; just as also our beloved brother Paul, according to the wisdom given him, wrote to you,16as also in all his letters, speaking in them of these things, in which are some things hard to understand, which the untaught and unstable distort, as they do also the rest of the Scriptures, to their own destruction.” – 2 Peter 3:15,16

Babou Ceesay Is John

John is the right-hand man of Peter (Adam Levy) and brother of James (Denver Isaac), and the only apostle to witness the crucifixion. Known as the “beloved disciple,” John is one of the most sensitive and emotionally intelligent apostles.

Apostle Paul’s letters to the heads of churches are the God inspired scriptures that makes up a large part of the New Testament. He is seldom depicted accurately even though the bible is “very specific” about his appearance. He was a pharisee who persecuted – who the Antioch’s called – Christians before he had an experience with Christ. His writings are for the well learned and as a result many abuse the “grace” Apostle Paul described in his letters. Continue reading